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Cast from Concrete - Group Shelters Type P

Cast from Concrete - Group Shelters Type P
Author: Dijk, Hendrik & Hoekstra, Rob

Language: Dutch

Only to be found in the Netherlands: Group Shelters Type P. Concrete shelters built to protect 12 soldiers during attacks and bombardments. These 'bunkers' were all part of the Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie - the New Dutch Water Line. This is the story of these shelters.

2 copies    € 30.00

€ 30.00


2 copies

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Scattered throughout the polder are gray concrete blocks that are most reminiscent of concrete houses. Contrasting iron stakes protrude into the sky from the sloping roofs. Above all, they call for wonder. What do these concrete blocks do in the landscape? 
Type P

The Netherlands was preparing for a German invasion. Hundreds of Type P group shelters were built between November 1939 and April 1940. Characteristic of these Type Ps is the rectangular shape with three chamfered sides and a straight front wall. The sloping sides gave rise to the nickname 'pyramid'. The Type Ps are located in a meandering area of ​​approximately 3 by 160 kilometers from Muiderberg, via Utrecht, Gorinchem and Dordrecht, to Goudswaard. They were intended as a group shelter, to shelter up to twelve Dutch infantrymen during the expected attack from Germany. However, the long line of concrete group shelters was never used.
Fascinating concrete blocks

Over 250 Type Ps have disappeared or been demolished over the years, until it was decided in 2009 to declare the shelters a national monument. For this publication, all 580 known and still visible Type Ps were visited and accurately mapped. The concrete blocks are a source of inspiration for artists and architects, who saw through, pack and even move the group shelters in their entirety. Flora and fauna also know where to find the Type Ps. They provide living space for bats, overwintering butterflies and special lichens. The versatile concrete block continues to fascinate!


Original title Uit Beton gegoten - Groepsschuilplaatsen Type P
Author Dijk, Hendrik & Hoekstra, Rob
Languages Dutch
Subject CF - Modern fortifications - 20th century
Period 1930's
Location The Netherlands
Categories Photobooks, Textual books, Drawings, Plans and maps

Hardcover edition from 2021 (€ 30.00)

BRANDNEW book - lavishly illustrated in colour with photos, drawings, plans and maps.

Edition 1
Pages 224
Publication date 2021
Bindings Hardcover
Format 28 x 22 cm
Price € 30.00